Architect Biju Balan congenital a abode application eco-friendly actual and upcycling elements from burst barrio to architectonics a artlessly aerial and ablaze home.
In 2013, Biju Balan, an artist by profession, absitively to move out of his busy home in Kollam, Kerala and acquirement a 1700-sq-ft artifice in Malaparamba boondocks of Kozhikode. He had one ambition – to body an eco-friendly home application no concrete.
“After commutual my architectonics advance from TKM College in Kollam, I abstruse that accurate is article that does not decompose or accept any amount already discarded. Old homes congenital in Kerala were fabricated from eco-friendly or recyclable actual such as mud, terracotta, and laterite. So, back I absitively to body my own home, I capital to use abstracts that could either be reused or become one with nature,” says 44-year-old Biju.
While designing the home that he called ‘Chaman’, acceptation garden, he had three important aspects to focus on – application eco-friendly materials, recycling elements from burst buildings, and designing a home with accustomed sunlight and air.
Today, Biju, his wife and two accouchement alive in a admirable home that is well-lit, aerial and one that has creepers like affection flowers and cat’s claws growing all over it.
The 1500-sq-ft-house is anchored on a ellipsoidal artifice and in the average is an open-roof, 500 sq ft advanced courtyard that has fruit-bearing copse such as mango, custard apple, and Chamba bake-apple tree, additionally accepted as the rose apple. A baby pond with fishes pond amid aquarium plants that were buried by Biju additionally appearance in the yard.
The abode has two entrances. The aboriginal one leads to the active room, a allocation of the courtyard and an accessible kitchen-cum-dining area. Alongside the dining allowance is the adept bedchamber and a staircase, fabricated of board planks that are acclimated to admission the aboriginal attic of the house. This attic has one accepted breadth and two bedrooms.
Biju says “There is additionally a additional access into the abode which anon takes us into the courtyard. But this is kept bankrupt application a advance barbecue gate. We esplanade the car in advanced of it, and sometimes back there are guests we accessible it to board one added car by application a little amplitude in the courtyard. Also, the sidewalls of the courtyard were aloft aerial to advance safety.”
The active allowance is both aerial and ablaze due to the courtyard and alpine windows. The lower bisected of the windows can be opened alone for added ventilation.
The absolute abode is congenital application adhesive boards and laterite bricks. These were bashed with mud, sand, and adhesive from cashew nut trees. The attic is of Kota bean and terracotta tiles. Some of them were purchased, and some were upcycled from burst homes.
“All of the abstracts are eco-friendly, and laterite artery are reusable. Laterite artery oxidise back it comes in acquaintance with water, which makes it stronger. Most bodies are not acquainted of this actuality and tend to adhesive their homes with concrete. This causes baptize to bleed into the walls and account mould or baptize damage. The adhesive from cashew nut copse is actual sticky. Hence, it binds able-bodied with mud and makes the anatomy stronger,” says Biju, abacus that he did not use bogus paints for the exoteric and instead activated a blanket of acceptable adhesive paste.
The axial courtyard ensures there is air apportionment throughout the house. The attic is laid with Kadappa, Kota and laterite stones, which helps abate baptize elimination in case of abundant rains.
Biju says, “The copse are placed aural baby ellipsoidal frames fabricated of wood. We accept additionally added some amoebic fertilisers to ensure they abound well.”
Post the architecture of the house, Biju noticed there were some PVC pipes larboard bare afterwards the accouterments curve were installed. He acclimated these pipes by conduct a few holes and creating a vertical garden on the walls. Now, there are beginning plants, and creepers growing on it.
Every evening, Biju, his wife and two accouchement absorb time on the courtyard, sipping their tea, coffee and bistro snacks. They additionally accept some unannounced visitors like birds who footfall in to augment on the fruits growing on their copse in the courtyard.
“During the day, we don’t crave admirers or lights in the active or dining allowance because of the accessible courtyard. If we do not appetite too abundant light, we cull bottomward the bamboo curtains installed amid the two,” says Biju.
Behind the courtyard, there is additionally a 40ft able-bodied which is larboard partially accessible to aggregate rainwater. A net covers the top to ensure no leaves abatement central it.
Another different affection of Chaman is the dining breadth that is anchored in advanced of the accessible kitchen. Biju says that the dining table and the chairs were custom-made. The table is a burst bed-making machine’s abject that has a blubbery bottle absorbed to it. The chairs are fabricated from board blocks alone by matchstick authoritative industries.
Biju says, “One armchair is a light-weight board log, with auto absorbed to the bottom. The auto are fabricated from alone apparatus of a bike. This armchair can board two bodies and can be confused from the dining table to the coffee table amid in the courtyard.”
Some of the doors to the abode were upcycled from old homes, and the buffet was fabricated from plywood with no actinic blanket or paint.
The architecture of this abode was additionally budget-friendly and amount Biju Rs 27 lakhs. But, he says if the aforementioned were to be complete now, it would ambit amid Rs 30-35 Lakh.
With his eco-friendly home, Biju has bargain the accountability on Mother Earth, and for the aforementioned acumen in 2015, he won an accolade that was presented by The Indian Institute of Architects (IIA).
The artist additionally has a aggregation called Laurel Designs which has complete eco-friendly barrio for his audience in Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
(Edited by Yoshita Rao)
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